Some sociologists approach the study of deviance and crime from a structural functionalist standpoint they would argue that deviance is a necessary part of the process by which social order is achieved and maintained. Symbolic interactionists focus attention on the socially constructed nature of the labels related to deviance crime and deviance are learned from the environment and enforced or discouraged by those around us 73 crime and the law crime is established by legal codes and upheld by the criminal justice system. In sum deviance is a violation of a norm simply not behaving in expected ways given the social circumstances but what is the difference in conformity crime deviance and both deviance and crime combined robert merton on deviance look at table 2 below to see robert mertons typology of deviance matrix. Theories of crime and deviance sociological theories of deviance crime the study of social deviance is the study of the violation of cultural norms in either formal or informal contexts social deviance is a phenomenon that has existed in all societies where there have been norms. Key concepts for a level sociology crime and deviance definitions of most of the key concepts relevant to crime and deviance within a level sociology hints on how to answer the aqas sociology crime and deviance with theory and methods exam paper in case you need to know how youre assessed only covers the crime and deviance material
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